When most people think about brain injuries, they often think of a traumatic event where someone suffers some sort of impact or blow to their head. While brain injuries are often caused by traumas, there are other factors that could cause damage as well. Two other types of brain injuries are anoxic and hypoxic injuries. These types of injuries are caused by reduced oxygen or a complete lack of oxygen to the brain.
There are numerous causes of anoxic and hypoxic brain injuries, including the following:
- Labor and deliver mismanagement
- Cardiac arrest
- Near drowning
- Irregular heart beat
Sometimes, these types of injuries result from a person’s negligence. For instance, if a baby is not properly monitored during the pregnancy, it can lead to umbilical cord strangulation, limiting the amount of oxygen that reaches the baby’s brain.
Here are some things you need to know about each type of injury:
Anoxic Brain Injury
Anoxic brain injury is caused by a complete lack of oxygen to the brain, which impacts its function and results in long-term brain damage. In severe cases, it can even result in death. If a case of anoxic brain injury is mild, it can result in headaches, dizziness, vision restrictions, and light-headedness.
Hypoxic Brain Injury
Hypoxic brain injury occurs when there is still a partial supply of oxygen, but there is still not enough to allow the brain to function properly. This can cause arm and leg weakness, memory loss, visual disturbances, and difficulties with speech. In some cases, the individual may experience issues with mood changes.
What You Can Do
Unfortunately, if caught too late, there is not much that can be done to treat anoxic or hypoxic brain injury. The most that can be done is to limit the amount of time the brain goes without oxygen in order to avoid serious injury. For instance, if an obstetrician recognizes fetal distress due to umbilical cord strangulation, they may opt to perform an emergency cesarean section to deliver the baby as soon as possible and reduce the pressure that is causing the lack of oxygen.
Unfortunately, many times, anoxic and hypoxic brain injuries are caused by the negligence of another party. If this happens, the person responsible should be held accountable. At The Beasley Firm, our Philadelphia brain injury attorneys understand the severity of these situations and we want to help our clients pursue legal action. If someone you love has sustained a serious brain injury, we encourage you to reach out to our firm and learn more about your legal rights and options to seek compensation.
Contact our firm today to schedule your free consultation to discuss your potential case.